Some context: I wasn't able to properly assess my last job on these terms prior to accepting the position. I accepted at face value when my interviewers assured me they had secured proper funding for the project they hired me to implement.
My second week on the job was the first time they showed the budget and documentation on the project. I immediately recognized after reviewing these that what they had allocated for my project out of the total budget was completely inadequate--in terms of financials and staffing--to meet the desired scope.
I'd like to avoid a similar situation in my current job-hunt. I'd like to have a direct and honest conversation with my interviewers to determine if they have properly allocated the resources needed for the job they are hiring me to do. But I recognize some may be reluctant to talk in specific dollar amounts, or to show detailed spreadsheets and scoping documents to a job candidate. Some might even refuse to answer questions along these lines.
EDIT: My question is specifically asking how to initiate an effective conversation about budget and resources to an interviewer rather than a question about "work culture."