No. That is not how the game is generally played.
At best the company will ask your desired salary during the submission process of your application. This is less than ideal for you as you might not get a good feedback on how realistic your expectations are but will filter out incompatible offers without much effort on your part.
If this does not happen then pretty much every company will ask you about your salary expectations during your first interview real interview.
On the off chance this doesn't happen either, your first interview is a good place to address this topic yourself, as - in general - neither party is keen on continuing negotiations if it's clear you'll never agree on a salary.
As others have said. Jumping the gun on the money issue gives a bad impression. But your question is about how you can reduce the effort on your part to find out. There are a few things you can do:
- Consult online salary calculators/lists to get an impression of what range you can expect
- Keep track of how the salary discussions go during the interviews you DO have and use that information to extrapolate what you can expect for similar positions.
- Ask your network if they've got information on the salaries in the jobs you're looking at
But the only way to get the exact figure is playing the game for each position.