When I joined a start-up 8 months ago, I was offered a 2.5% equity along with a fixed remuneration. I trusted the founder and didn't bother to ask for equity docs. After 6 months, there were some arguments between me and the founder based on location constraints (Initially I was given a freedom to work from home but later he asked me to move out which wasn't possible for me).
That is when he told he will have to re-consider the equity. We continued working for 2 more months and then I brought up the topic of equity again on which he said I lost the equity in the company when I denied to move out of my home location for the company.
In my situation, I know I should have gotten the equity docs right when I started working for the company, but he said equity is offered only after a year and this is a standard practice. Also, the equity was offered with a 2 year vesting period.
Since I am a technical guy and don't know the business side of things I am hoping to understand how equity and becoming vested generally works at companies.