criticizes me strongly during a meeting
Whether you should escalate to your boss would depend on why they are (or you think they are) criticizing you as well as answers questions such as
- Is this criticism the result of something you could have done better?
- Is the criticism within your area of responsibility?
- How much objective impact did the issue that caused such criticism have for the people who are criticizing you?
If the answer to the first two points are yes, then I would not involve my manager at all. Rather take responsibility, and be accountable for your shortcomings. You may not personally agree with such criticism, and what the other side is saying may even be distasteful to you, but you need to separate personal from professional in such circumstances. You have have a job to do, and the criticism supposedly arose because your job was not done well, so criticism to a certain extent may be justified.
As someone who work in cybersecurity, I get a lot of this simply for doing my job. We have a (often undeserved) reputation as being the "people / department of no". When security is effective and done well, users sometimes don't see the benefit of such actions. Often, and regrettably, security is seen as a us vs them political battle, a battle of wills.
If you are getting political criticism simply for doing your job, I would just soldier on and let your good work speak for itself. You have a certain job to do, and should not be distracted by others who often have their own agendas. I do not mean to be totally callous of your fellow colleagues, and certainly you should listen with an open mind. However, sometimes you can only work / reason with someone to a certain extent, without jeopardizing your own duties / position. My work experience in cybersecurity supports my opinion to not take undeserved criticism personally.
On the other hand, if the political criticism is unfair and not a part of your role I would escalate to your boss, by carefully documenting what the other folks are requesting, how it impacts you / your team, and how acting on that is not in your or your team's best interests. A good and considerate manager should understand and support you in pushing back against the other people.