I'll take the dissenting opinion.
Yes, athletic roles are fine to list on a resume for someone in HS/College - As long as that job in some way demonstrates a quality that a hiring manager would think important.
For instance, if I was looking to hire a Junior Dev, and got an application from a recent grad that said:
Athletic Experiences: Captain of HS Floobyball Team, Assistant Captain
of College Floobyball Team
... it would tell me: this person is someone that:
- Likely gets along with others reasonably well
- Likely can function in a leadership role
I mean, yeah, it's not as impressive as if you were the leader of your college's [RelevantAcademicClub], but to say that it wouldn't matter at all is a bit much.
Again, this isn't to simply say, "List any athletic experience you have". It has to demonstrate a quality that would be important to the hiring manager. But if your experience does that (regardless of what that experience is) you should list it. It's why I would always recommend to list military service - because being able to work well with others, follow directives, etc is always a useful skill set.