What does permanent full-time position mean in Sweden? Does that mean it is a lifetime guaranty for the whole working life period? Or such a work is rare in Europe?
Full time mean 40 hours a week (unless you have a better ”kollektivavtal” a contract between the union and employer, in that case it might be a little bit less)
Permanent Job (in Swedish ”Fast anställning” ) means that there is no time limit on your employment (the official term is ”tillsvidare” meaning ongoing).
Unless you are badly missbehaving (in which case you might be fired, rare in sweden) the only way to lose a permanent job is if the company is reducing its workforce. If that happens a negotiation with the union takes place to protect the workers rights. If the layoffs continue despite this employers will be laide off in order of shortest employment time with that employer. This means that even if your role is made redundant you can remain with the company if there are other roles you qualify for that are filled by people who have been employed more recently than you.
Source, I live and work in Sweden
I would suggest read this
Looks like it is not for life, but pretty stable, depending on the company you work for
What does permanent full-time position mean in Sweden? Does that mean it is a lifetime guaranty for the whole working life period?
I strongly doubt it.
I am not from Sweden but the "permanent" term is not rare to see in Workplaces across the world, nor is the "full-time" term. My understanding of "permanent full-time position" is:
Permanent means that it's not a fixed-term contract. Some contracts are fixed-term, meaning that after a period of time (usually 6 months, or a year) the contract has to be renewed or not, point at which the employee could find themselves unemployed if it's not renewed. Permanent positions, on the contrary, do not "expire" and don't have to be renewed, and they are in place until the employee quits or is fired by any reason.
Full-time means exactly that. Each day the employee will have to work full working hours, which are usually 8 per day (40 per week). Contrary to, say, half-time jobs, which are around 4 hours per day.
Taking into consideration those points, we can see that a permanent full-time position is one that expects you to work 8 hours per day and that is not subject to a time expiration. The only way that such employee can end up unemployed is if they quit or if they are fired/laid off.
Disclaimer: I have never lived or worked in Sweden but a little bit of googling made me believe it is similar to the Netherlands and Germany: http://www.nymanrudenstam.se/wp/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Broschyr-General-Labour-Law.pdf
No, even in Europe a permanent contract doesn't mean that you cannot be dismissed, but Sweden like other European countries mandates that you cannot be let go without a reason and if you let go you have a minimum notice period that depends on how long you are with the company.
Valid reasons for dismissal usually are:
1.) You are misbehaving (e.g. acting inappropriately towards colleagues, or stealing from the company) or not doing your job
2.) Your job has become redundant and you cannot be retrained.
You should be pretty safe though, as long as you are working in a role that the company will rely on in the future, the company is healthy and you can keep your act together. And the longer you work for a company the harder it will be to get rid of you.