What are engineering career paths for the software developers and architects? I am quite confused. Software teams have no managers, leads and chief engineer positions - today everything is agile, everyone should be replaceable and everyone should take up some role or task (according to the agile methodology) in which he/she is not so good with the aim to experience a challenge, learning and accumulation of the knowledge to avoid the knowledge silos in the organization. Today every accountant is good at programming and more and more companies hire junior interns (whose wages are paid by the government programs) for the developer positions and the toolchains, documented practices allow to create really good business software even in the early career stages. My guess is that the chief engineer of he Hoover dam become a millioner, but but I hardly imagine that for the developers e.g. of the Euronext trading systems etc. My guess is that the building architects can build the new opera house and earn respect and reward. But I have not heard about famous software architects.
My question is - what are the normal career paths for the developers and software architects in 2020?
Well - I am not desperate individual without imagination and strengths - I know that the world is changing and a am learning a lot (and doing pet projects and more serious research projects) about machine learning, artificial (general) intelligence, bioinformatics (especially about molecular mechanisms to treat obestiy and to eradicate aging (which is the main cause of death - according to statistics, aging causes almost 90% of deaths even at this century!) and to enable rejuvenation and eternal life), formally verified software, program syntehsis. I am interested in startups and during the holidays and evenings I am coding some projects from which to grow my own startaps. So - I am ready to take startup career, career in research position (e.g. in R&D arms of businesses) or maybe even move to the consulting or management, but I am asking this question to be on the safe side - I am currently in quite conventional position and what can I do and what are my prospects if I am staying conventional and normal?