I work doing snow removal and my employer offers $200 a week stand-by pay, but just recently I figured out that once I work 11 hours or so in a week my stand-by pay for the week is gone because I've made more than $200 in a week. So the only way I get it is to barely work while on call. Is that right? Or legal?
So the only way i get it is to barely work while on call
Ultimately, that's what stand-by pay is meant for: to give you an income even when you don't actually do any work (i.e. when you're on standby). It's hard to answer if this is legal or not without knowing where you're located, but to answer your first question,
Is that right ?
You should make sure you understand what your work contract says about your standby pay, but yes - that does sound right.
It would depend on your contract.
It is of course deeply unfair - basically if you work 11 hours a week then you don't get paid for being on standby for the rest of the week at all.
So it's not right, but it is most likely legal.
However, being legal is not everything. You can go to your employer and point out that this situation is unfair, and see what happens. You can accidentally miss all calls once you are not paid for being on standby anymore. And you can tell them that you don't want to be on standby at all.
PS. I've got some rather absurd comments here. A company should absolutely pay you for being on standby. You are not working, but you can't spend the time any way you want, and compensation needs to be paid for that. You can't drink three or four beers. You can't visit friends two hours away. If they don't want to pay, why you should you accept being on standby?