Is it fairly expected that I should submit to this request?
Not for a bi-weekly 1 on 1. That seems way more painful than it needs to be. If the other party is 13 hours ahead, the meeting for them would be from 10:45am to noon. The other person should be able to do 2 hours earlier without any inconvenience.
If there are more people and time zones involved things can get more tricky, but if it's only the two of you and it occurs frequently both parties should be willing to make this more tolerable.
Or is it reasonable to deny the request reasonably while still maintaining a cooperative attitude?
Denying outright is not reasonable either. Make some constructive suggestion to make it better: Look at times that could work for both of you (https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/meeting.html ), consider doing the call early in your day, optimize meeting time spend by agreeing to have a clear agenda ahead of the meeting and cancel if the agenda isn't "full enough", maybe you can bring it down to once a week if you are efficient enough. Maybe it can be shortened. Brainstorm other solutions: two 1:1s for over an hour per week seems excessive. Why is this necessary, what are the goals of these meetings and what alternatives could be considered?
If nothing of these works you can get more assertive. This is a non-trivial commitment outside of regular work hours. Start talking about comp time, "hazard" pay, or other benefits the company should provide.
If they still insist, you have a decision to make. You can say "no" but it's not going to help your career. On the other hand, an employer that is that demanding and inflexible ma not be such a great career choice anyway.
The answer above was written by (erroneously) assuming twice a week instead of once every two weeks. I think it's still applicable but here are some additional thoughts:
- Once every two weeks is a reasonable ask. One hour and 15 minutes still feels long for a 1:1 but can probably adjusted as needed
- The time slot is NOT reasonable. Common courtesy would be to minimize the pain for all parties. Better choices could 8pm(you)/9am(them) or maybe 6am(you)/7pm(them). I'm an early riser so I didn't mind doing China calls early in the morning
- Once every two weeks is not the end of the world. Maybe put it on a Friday so you can sleep in on Saturday.