It sounds as if they are not contributing anything to your development, but are they keeping you from developing yourself? If the answer is no, then you have an opportunity here.
When you work with a bunch of management non-tech types who want to direct what you are doing without understanding it, you have to learn to give them what they want, but do it in a way that benefits you.
In the IT world, learning on your own is essential. Absolutely essential. Being forced to become more proficient in doing it yourself rather than relying on others' knowledge is a blessing rather than a curse, as you will find out as you get more experienced.
If you find yourself in a situation where you have to justify how you are implementing the code, do your research. Why is this technology good and what can it do for them? Understand your audience. A marketing guy won't care about how efficient something is, or how it will require less maintenance time; he wants to know how it helps him sell more product. "Our competitor is using this technology in their web page and their page takes less time to load, and as you know, load time directly affects the probability that a casual visitor will click on page links that lead to purchasing". A finance guy might be interested in the fact that maintenance costs represent x% of programming costs, so if this technology requires x% less cost to maintain (as if you use a third party software product instead of home brewed) it will save the company money.
On the other hand, if they are effectively blocking your use of these new technologies, then, yes, you need to get the heck out of Dodge. Will it look bad that you haven't been at your job for long? Yes, unless you can spin it properly. And you won't have to lie, just tell them the truth. "I studied X and Y and taught myself Z but they just aren't interested in any sort of innovation. I'm looking for a home where they value self direction and hard work, and where I can really make important contributions." Throw in real examples of what you researched and why it would have been good, so that they know you aren't just blowing smoke.
Potential bosses are looking for those who can self educate, learn quickly and who are willing to spend their off hours keeping up on all the latest. You just have to be able to get through HR to the guys who really know what you will be worth. The way to do that is buzz words. The more of them you can put on your resume the more chance that HR's search engine will grab you for an interview. So keep learning and use what you learn and you'll go far.